Residency Training In Anatomic Pathology
The residency training program in anatomic pathology in the Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, University of Florida is designed to prepare individuals to take and pass the certification examination given by the American College of Veterinary Pathologists (ACVP). Typically our residents do a three-year residency program, although there is also the opportunity for two or three years of training followed by a PhD, if funding is available.
While development of diagnostic skills is stressed during the residency, there is emphasis from the outset on use of clinical material for academic purposes and on the application of newly acquired diagnostic skills as research tools. Publication of original findings is encouraged and supported as a part of the training. One research project and the presentation of results in oral and written form is required. The Health Science Center setting of the program, with six geographically contiguous health related colleges, allows interested residents to pursue comparative studies through the numerous specialty conferences and seminars that are available. Residents and graduate students in a variety of programs rotate through the veterinary pathology laboratories. Qualified residents who have an interest in acquiring basic research training are encouraged to continue their career development through enrollment in a broadly based graduate studies program in experimental pathology. Because the ACVP currently requires three years post-DVM training under a Board Certified Veterinary Pathologist, graduate students continue attending resident seminars in order to accrue time towards board eligibility after completion of the two year residency. Because of these many facets, residency training undertaken at the University of Florida can be the beginning of a stimulating career in modern veterinary pathology.
The objective of this program is to prepare veterinarians to be qualified diagnostic pathologists, to provide a base set of knowledge to enable residents to prepare for the anatomic pathology board certification examination given the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, and to introduce them to concepts of research in experimental pathology. Trainees completing the program will be skilled diagnostic pathologists capable of participating in service-oriented pathology laboratories, as well as in interdisciplinary research and testing programs commonly encountered in governmental and industrial situations. They will also be prepared to undertake advanced degree training in experimental pathology, if they choose to do so.
1. General characteristics:
During the first year, trainees will begin to acquire proficiency in anatomic pathology by studying case material submitted to the necropsy and surgical pathology services (approximately 650 and 2900 cases per year, respectively).
Accessions are predominantly companion animals, equine and wildlife/zoo/exotic species, with occasional laboratory and food animal species, resulting in exposure to a broad spectrum of diagnostic materials.
Trainees may also rotate through Clinical Pathology (as this is a section on the ACVP board examination). Outside rotations at Disney’s Animal Programs in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, as well as with UF Animal Care Services, are also available.
Publication of results from the study of a series of cases or from a small research project is required, as is oral and written presentation of results of the project.
Qualified residents who have an interest in acquiring basic research training are encouraged to continue their career development through enrollment in a broadly based graduate studies program in experimental pathology. Residents can transfer to the Graduate Program at the end of the second or third year of residency training. Continued training in anatomic pathology is encouraged through seminar attendance and occasional rotation on surgical pathology and/or necropsy services. Because the ACVP currently requires three years post-DVM training under a Board Certified Veterinary Pathologist, graduate students continue attending resident seminars in order to accrue time towards board eligibility after completion of the two year residency.
2. Diagnostic Services:
a. Necropsy: Trainees are generally assigned to the necropsy service for one week per month. They are responsible for either doing or supervising complete necropsy examinations that are performed during their period of assignment. A faculty member is assigned with them to oversee the work. The Trainee is responsible for preparing a complete gross description of tissues, obtaining appropriate tissues for histopathologic and pertinent ancillary examinations, trimming and submission of tissues for preparation of slides and microscopic examination of tissues. After slides have been examined, a complete microscopic report is prepared by the resident. The gross and microscopic findings are then reviewed by the faculty member who supervised the case. Thoroughness and precision are stressed, both to ensure that accurate, timely diagnoses are obtained and also to produce a complete archival record that will be of maximal value to clinicians and for future retrospective studies. Completion of necropsy cases usually requires an additional 1-2 weeks after the service week has ended.
b. Surgical pathology: Biopsy specimens for histopathologic examination are submitted from the UF Veterinary Hospitals and from outside practicing veterinarians. This service is supervised at all times by a faculty member. The usual resident assignment on this service is also one week per month, split into one two- and one three-day period. When assigned to the surgical pathology service, the trainee is responsible for preparing a gross description of submitted specimens and for trimming specimens to be processed for microscopic examination. The slides are interpreted and a detailed histologic description is written the following day. Each case is then reviewed with the faculty member on duty and a final written report is prepared.
3. Pathology seminars:
a. Histopathology conference. This seminar is presented using a variety of materials taken both from departmental files and from such extramural sources as the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. The purpose of this seminar is three-fold. First, residents have the opportunity to gain experience presenting histopathologic descriptions in front of a small, critical audience. Emphasis is placed on precision, proper nomenclature and proper presentation technique.
Second, it is designed to give trainees experience composing histologic descriptions similar to those that are required on the certification examination given by the American College of Veterinary Pathologists. Third, residents are exposed to case material that might not otherwise be encountered during the training period.
b. Gross pathology seminar. The purpose of this weekly, one-hour seminar is to teach residents to interpret gross lesions accurately, as presented in projected photographs, as is expected on the ACVP examination. Again, precision and proper nomenclature are stressed.
c. Weekly necropsy rounds. The objective of rounds is to expose residents to as many fresh gross lesions as possible, give residents practice presenting pathologic findings to colleagues, and to the discussions of pathogenesis that regularly arise at this forum of clinicians, residents, and students.
d. Departmental seminars. These weekly seminars are sponsored by the Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology. Faculty members and graduate students, as well as pathologists, veterinarians and researchers from outside the college, present their research findings.
Attendance at the first three of these seminars is mandatory for pathology residents. Numerous other specialty seminars (including ophthalmic pathology, dermatopathology, and neuropathology) are available, but optional.
e. Resident Seminars. Annually, each resident in the UF Veterinary Hospitals is required to prepare and present a 25-minute seminar on a topic of their choice. Usually these topics are an in-depth review in a focused area within the resident’s special field of study. The purpose of this seminar series is to provide experience in public speaking and to foster interaction between residents and faculty members of other disciplines.
f. Southeastern Veterinary Pathology Conference. Each year, residents select an interesting case for presentation at the Southeastern Veterinary Pathology Conference held in Tifton, Georgia during the month of May. Residents gain experience in case presentation at professional conferences and are able to meet and exchange ideas with other pathologists and residents in training.
4. Teaching responsibilities:
Veterinary medical students. Residents in anatomic pathology teach third and fourth year veterinary medical students standardized necropsy technique and how to properly describe and interpret gross lesions. These objectives are accomplished through interaction with groups of up to seven students as they rotate through the necropsy service.
Sophomore veterinary medical students. Residents assist the faculty in both the general and systemic pathology laboratories. They serve as teaching assistants for microscopic portions of the lab, as well as bring gross specimens related to the topic of the laboratory to show the students.
Other residents. Several outside training programs (e.g., surgery, clinical pathology, dermatology) require that their residents be exposed to the discipline of anatomic pathology. Residents in anatomic pathology assist the faculty in providing such individuals with the level of understanding of gross and microscopic pathology that is appropriate for each of their areas.
SELECTION OF TRAINEES AND FUNDING OF RESIDENT POSITIONS:
The application deadline is approximately November 15th each year (see ACVP website for exact deadline). Selection is announced by, or about, December 1st. Starting date is around July 10-15.
There are five residents total in the program, with a variable number in each year of the program. Ideally, they should have one or two years of experience in clinical practice and should have taken the Graduate Record Examination if they intend to continue on to graduate school. They must have a good scholastic record and should otherwise be acceptable to the Graduate School of the University of Florida.
Trainees are selected from a pool of applicants by vote of the faculty. Selection is based on academic record, postgraduate (DVM) experience, professional recommendations, and a written statement of career objectives by the applicant. Application materials should be submitted to: Dr. Serena Craft, Resident Coordinator, firstname.lastname@example.org, P.O. Box 110880, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0880. Applicants need to submit a statement of career objectives, curriculum vitae, official copies of professional and graduate school transcripts, and three letters of recommendation. Electronic applications are required. If official transcripts cannot be sent electronically, they may be sent via mail to the address above, while sending the remaining application materials electronically.
Resident salaries are provided by the UF Veterinary Hospitals. Medical insurance is also provided. Foreign applicants must have or be eligible to attain a visa which allows them to become VMC employees (e.g., H1).
Residents are not registered students during the residency program. In addition to salary, each resident receives a small stipend (currently $500.00 per year) for educational expenses, such as those associated with conference visits, publication costs, or textbooks, added as an increment to each paycheck. Access to a copy machine and all routine office supplies are supplied by the department. Each resident is also supplied with a personal computer. A network printer is present in the residents’ office and is shared by the residents. Should a resident elect to pursue graduate training, additional years of support are available in the form of teaching assistantships and training grants, as well as individual fellowships. Graduate students in experimental pathology have the option to select their mentors from either the veterinary or human pathology faculties. They continue to attend resident seminars until they have achieved board eligibility (3-year requirement).
The College of Veterinary Medicine is part of the J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center complex, which also contains Colleges of Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Public Health and Health Professions.
The UF Veterinary Hospitals of the College of Veterinary Medicine serves as a major referral center for the diagnosis, treatment and study of animal diseases in the southeastern United States, especially northern and central Florida. In addition, clinicians and students participate in an ambulatory medical service for food animals on an out-patient basis. The Hospital is administratively organized along traditional service lines, which include medicine, surgery, radiology, pathology, clinical pathology, anesthesiology, theriogenology, laboratory animal and zoo/wildlife services.
Anatomic pathology facilities include a well-equipped necropsy laboratory and surgical pathology facilities. The residents share an office. An individual microscope and computer are made available to each trainee. Additional instruction is available in the laboratories of the department and college, such as cytology, clinical microbiology, hematology, etc. A complete medical library is part of the Health Science Center complex, and current journals and some textbooks are available in the Education Center in the Veterinary Academic Building, with a good number of journals available online through the university.
Supervision of trainees is provided by faculty members as they rotate through the department’s diagnostic services. Thus, trainees work closely with all faculty members in developing cases, reviewing gross and microscopic findings, and in interpreting special ancillary diagnostic information. In this manner, the diversity of interests and disciplinary expertise represented in the faculty is made available to each trainee. Currently, the department is comprised of 31 faculty members including seven board-certified veterinary pathologists, as well as parasitologists, microbiologists, immunologists and basic scientists for consultation on cases and help in the development of cases with research potential.
PAST RESIDENTS IN ANATOMIC PATHOLOGY
*IVERSON, William O. (1978-81)
*GROSS, Thelma Lee (1979-82, Chief Resident, 1982-83)
Idexx VS/CDS, West Sacramento, CA
NGUYEN, Hai Thanh (1979-82)
*GAMBLE, David A. (1980-83)
South Huntington Station, NY
NICHOLSON, Andrew C. (1980-83)
Associate Professor of Research in Comparative Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, NY
*SHORT, Brian G. (1981-84)
Director of Toxicology, Allergan, Inc. Irvine, CA
*HINES, Stephen A. (1982-84)
Dept of Veterinary Microbiology & Pathology, Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Pullman, WA
*REINHARD, Mary K. (1982-85)
Associate Professor, University of Florida, Department of Animal Care Services, Gainesville, FL
*COOLEY, A. James (1983-85)
Mississippi State University, Diagnostic Lab Services, Starkville, MS
*LIU, Sylvia H. T. (1983-85)
*CROWLEY, Ann (1984-86)
Newport, NSW, Australia
*PINSON, David M. (Chief Resident 1985-86)
Professor of Clinical Pathology, University of Illinois, College of Medicine at Peoria
*CAMPBELL, Gregory A. (1985-87)
Merial, LTD, OH
*CANTOR, Glenn H. (1985-87)
Principal Veterinary Pathologist, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co, NJ
SPALDING, Marilyn G. (1985-87)
Retired Faculty, University of Florida
*BOLON, Brad N. (1986-1988)
Clinical Associate Professor, The Ohio State University
DOWLING, Susan C. (1986-1988)
Program Manager, Rodent Health Monitoring Program, University of Washington
*HOMER, Bruce L. (Chief Resident 1987-88)
Pfizer Global R&D, Cambridge, MA
*BRADLEY, Gregory A. (1987-89)
Pathologist, Arizona Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Tucson, AZ
*WELLS-STOCK, Michelle R. (1987-89)
Anatomic Pathologist, IDEXX Laboratories, OH
*LAYTON, Arthur W. (1988-1990)
Montana Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Bozeman, MT
*UHL, Elizabeth W. (1988-1990)
Professor, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, GA
*KOOISTRA, Linda H. (1989-1991)
Charles River Laboratories, Pathology Associates, Durham, NC
SMITH-MEYER, Brenda (1989-1991)
Medical Writer, Strategic Solutions Division of PRA Health Sciences, PA
*GINN, Pamela E. (1990-1992)
University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
MOHAMMED, Fawzi M. (1991-1992)
*GARNER, Michael M. (1991-1993)
Northwest Zoopath, Monroe, WA
WESTHOUSE, Richard A. (1991-1993)
Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ
*McELHANEY, Mary R. (1992-1994)
IDEXX Veterinary Services, Woodland, CA
*PAPENDICK, Rebecca E. (1992-1994)
Zoological Society of San Diego, Dept of Pathology, San Diego, CA
FOX, Jonathan H. (1993-1995)
Veterinary Anatomic Pathologist, Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory
*LAROCK, Richard G. (1994-1997)
Senior Pathologist, Covance Laboratories, AZ
*WOLF, Jeffery C. (1994-1996)
EPL, Inc. Sterling, VA
*SHEPPARD, Barbara J. (1994-1996)
Law Student, Michigan State University
*CHANDRA, Sundeep (1995-1997)
GlaxoSmithKline, Dept of Safety Asmt, Research Triangle Park, NC
*RICHEY, Lauren J. (1996-1997)
Veterinary Pathologist, Tufts University, Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, Boston, MA
*PATTERSON-KANE, Janet C. (1996-1998)
Veterinary Anatomic Pathologist, IDEXX Laboratories, CA
ADJIRI-AWERE, Alfred (1998-1999)
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Crops and Livestock Research Centre, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
*PHILLIPS, Lynette A. (1997-1999)
Veterinary Pathologist, MN
*TERRELL, Scott P. (1997-1999)
Animal Operations Director, The Walt Disney Company, Bay Lake, FL
University of Florida, Dept of Infectious Disease and Pathology, Gainesville, FL
*DUNMORE, Daniel E. (1998-2000)
Diagnostic pathologist, Keystone Veterinary Pathology, PA
*SCASE, Timothy J. (1998-2000)
Pathologist, Bridge Pathology, Ltd., Bristol, UK
*MEISNER, Rene (1999-2001)
Veterinary pathologist, Oncomed Pharmaceuticals, CA
*KOLENDA-ROBERTS, Holly (2000-2001)
Pathologist, EPL Inc., NC
*LOPEZ, Alric M. (1999-2001)
HistoTox Laboratories, Inc., Boulder, CO
EMBURY, Jennifer E. (2001-2003)
Indigo Farms Veterinary Services, Newberry, FL
*FARINA, Lisa L. (2001-2003)
Clinical Assistant Professor, College of Veterinary Medicine, Dept of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, Gainesville, FL
*TAYLOR, David P. (2001-2003)
Pathologist, Symbion Vetnostics, Australia
BISCHOFF, Karyn (2001-2004)
Director, Analytical Toxicology, Pop Medicine & Diagnostic Sci, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
*CHILTON, Jennifer (2003-2005)
Senior Pathologist, Charles River Labs, NV
*POWE, Joshua (2003-2005)
Associate Director, Pathology/Toxicology at Agios Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA
*DECKER, Joshua (2003-2006)
Pathologist, Abbvie Inc., North Chicago, IL
*WARD, Jennifer (2004-2006)
Pathologist, Specialty VetPath, Seattle, WA
KIMBRO, Jason (2005-2007)
Anatomic Pathologist, Idexx, MA
*CONWAY, Julia (2006-2008)
Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Florida
*ORIGGI, Francesco (2006-2008)
Pathologist, Institute of Animal Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty at the University of Berne, Switzerland
*MAHAPATRA, Debabrata (2007-2009)
PhD student, North Carolina State University
Assistant Professor, University of Georgia Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Tifton, GA
*HESKETT, Travis (2007-2010)
Pathologist, Thomas Bishop Sparks State Diagnostic Laboratory; Auburn, AL
HAYES, Linda (2008-2010)
*CONLEY, Kenneth (2008-2010)
Senior Pathologist, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx Zoo, New York, NY
*TOPLON, David (2009-2011)
Pathologist, WuXi AppTech, Minnesota
*KONDO, Hirotaka (2010-2013)
Veterinary Pathologist, Synergy Animal General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
LEONE, Angelique (2010-2013)
Pathologist, New Jersey Department of Agriculture Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratory
CRAFT, William (2010-2013)
Lecturer, University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
*CRAFT, Serena (2010-2013)
Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
STRUTHERS, Jason (2013-2014, senior resident)
TAYLOR, Kyle (2012-2015)
Instructor, Disney’s Animal Programs, Bay Lake, FL
ROFF, Shannon (2011-2015)
Ph.D. Student, Infectious Diseases and Pathology, University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
*Board certified – American College of Veterinary Pathologists